Fact check: Does Biden have the authority to extend eviction moratorium without Congress?

Fact check: Does Biden have the authority to extend eviction moratorium without Congress?
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The recent expiration of the federal eviction moratorium for renters has led to internal strife inside the Democratic Party, as progressive lawmakers argue President Joe Biden should do more to extend the moratorium, despite his demands for congressional action.

Last week, Biden called on Congress to extend the moratorium and while House Speaker Nancy Pelosi worked to quickly pass such legislation those efforts ultimately failed before the House adjourned Friday for the August recess.

House leadership, including Pelosi, Majority Leader Steny Hoyer and Majority Whip James Clyburn, released a statement Sunday “calling upon the Biden Administration to extend the eviction moratorium through October 18, 2021.”

On Monday, attention turned to a group of lawmakers who camped out on the steps of the US Capitol over the weekend, demanding that the moratorium be extended. On the day it was set to expire, a group of eight lawmakers including Reps. Cori Bush — who slept on the Capitol steps Sunday night, demanding congressional action — Ayanna Pressley and Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez wrote a letter demanding action from Biden, calling it “a matter of life and death.”

The problem is that it’s unclear whether the White House has the legal authority to act on its own. And, in fact, the White House has indicated that it doesn’t, saying it has been unable to find a legal option for the federal government to extend the moratorium.

Facts First: On June 29 the Supreme Court allowed the eviction moratorium to stay in place until July 31, with the deciding vote coming from Justice Brett Kavanaugh. Kavanaugh wrote that because the moratorium was set to end in a few weeks it could be allowed to remain but that if it were to be extended further it would require “clear and specific congressional authorization.”

When the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced on June 24 that it would extend the moratorium until July 31, Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky noted that it was “intended to be the final extension of the moratorium.”

However, as Democratic lawmakers have pushed on Biden to extend the moratorium — regardless of the Supreme Court’s decision — the administration has announced that it continues to look for legal authority to extend the moratorium.

“To date, CDC Director Rochelle Walensky and her team have been unable to find legal authority for a new, targeted eviction moratorium,” White House press secretary Jen Psaki said in a statement Monday. “Our team is redoubling efforts to identify all available legal authorities to provide necessary protections.”

As CNN’s Kevin Liptak reported, Biden asked the CDC on Sunday to look for legal options to impose an eviction ban focused on places with high Covid-19 transmission rates. The agency told the administration Monday they did not believe such authority existed.

One administration official told CNN: “We spent a lot of time looking at it. The Supreme Court ruling is very clear.”

So far, only a small fraction of the $47 billion Emergency Rental Assistance program has been distributed. While some states have extended their own moratoriums an estimated 11 million adult renters are currently behind on rent.

White House press secretary Jen Psaki sought to further explain Biden’s thinking on Tuesday, suggesting a challenge to the court could hamper the federal government’s public health authorities going forward.

“There are concerns about what the impact would be on the long term abilities, authorities, of the CDC. Their team is looking closely, carefully, has been since the president asked them to on Sunday, at what our options are here,” she said, responding to a question from CNN’s Phil Mattingly

On Tuesday CNN reported the administration is expected to announce new efforts aimed at limiting evictions, according to an administration official, though details are still unclear. An official familiar with the matter told CNN the announcement will not be another nationwide eviction freeze but something more limited, targeted to places with high Covid spread.

During a press conference Tuesday, Biden told reporters that “any call for a moratorium, based on the Supreme Court(‘s) recent decision, is likely to face obstacles.” Biden said that he has asked the CDC to “look at other alternatives” and said the agency would make an announcement later in the day.

Biden said that while it’s unclear if new action from the CDC would survive the courts, “at a minimum, by the time it gets litigated it will probably give some additional time while we’re” distributing the ERA funds. The President said he’s hoping the new moratorium from the CDC will “in some way (cover) close to 90% of the American people who are renters.”

Prior to the expected announcement, Psaki​ indicated the White House was exploring additional powers to push states to enact their own eviction bans, noting there is emergency rental assistance funding available to help allay financial hardships for renters and landlords.

“We are continuing to work on several tracks on this front. The President wants to keep people in their homes,” she said.
This story has been updated.

The-CNN-Wire
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